Mangroves are considered tropical plants that are adapted to loose, wet soils, salt water, periodically submerged by tides. The four (4) factors that limit the distribution of mangroves are climate, salt water, tidal fluctuation and soil type. Now there are over 100 species of mangroves but the three most common will be discussed here under.
1. White Mangrove – This type of mangroves are trees grown on land and is found in tidal areas as well as around lagoons and ponds, these also produce a fruit with a sapling inside. The fruit is small, dry, leathery and ribbed like a prune.
2. Red Mangrove – These referred to the walking trees, mainly because of their special roots called prop roots, that are usually grwn from their branches down into the water, making the trees appear as if they are walking. The unique differences of the red mangroves are that the leaves are large and egg shaped with the top dark green and the bottom light green and waxy like a candle, this keeps the tree from losing its water.
3. Black Mangroves – These are grown in muddy or sandy soil further inland that the red. These type of mangroves has special parts that help theim to survive in the marsh land. Their roots stick up from the ground like straws; which helps to bring much needed oxygen to the trees. Oil pollution and water is very dangerous to this type of mangroves, since it hinders the trees from receiving oxygen. The leaves are narrow, with an egg shape and pointy ends, these are dark green or whitish in colour.
Mangroves are very important to the environment, they are frequently neglected and taken for granted mostly because of its natural constituents of cleaning itself, but please not that there capacity to do this is rapidly diminishing due to increase pollution and a don’t care attitude of most citizens.