The consensus is that climate change is the single greatest threat of the world’s environment but our choices as consumers will harm the planet in more significant localized ways.
The clearance of rain-forest is mostly driven by the demand for wood, crops such as soya and palm oil also globally diets have rapidly converted towards increasing consumption of meat and other livestock production that requires additional land to produce the same amount of food.
Note that all rain-forest are not the same, these forest vary based on rainfall to dry forest, while rain-forest contain large am mounts of carbon, dry forest have smaller amounts and Savannah even less. Rainforest clearance is a great threat to biodiversity and is responsible for many of the estimated 300,000 species that have been rendered extinct in the last fifty year. But its not just animals, when the environment suffers people also tend to suffer, usually consisting of poor people.
The current rate of loss is estimated at 100 to 1000 species per million annually, reduction of thus would require a massive increase in the global attention and funding given to the issue and solving. One frequently mentioned solution is nature reserves on land and sea, we must also collectively fund conservation projects to defeat poachers and protect wildlife from direct threats. This means using the power of markets with local people benefiting as most payments for biodiversity protection since these are always the best custodians of their local environment.
In 2002 governments around the world agreed to target a reduction in the current rate of biodiversity loss at a global, regional and national level by 2010, since thus contributes to poverty reduction and would benefit all life forms on Earth.
We must act fact since already 1/4 of the world’s mammals, 1/3 of amphibians, 1/3% of birds, 1/4 of warn water corals, 1/4 if fresh water fish are globally threatened with extinction and the loss of biodiversity rate is accelerating, despite increasing concerns about the brutal devastation of our planet’s natural history have become from endangered to critically endangered or critically endangered to extinct.
The situation of Bangladeshi Leather Tanneries should be a great lesson of any means necessary we must stop. The industrial effluent from thus factory was pumped untreated into rivers used for water supplies, to drink, plant crops, feed animals, shower and cook resulted in users becoming blind and having cancers and forced millions if people from their home.
Now ecological footprint is a measure of our consumption levels in terms of the total area if the Earth’s surface needed to support our individual existence, thus accounting space for growing crops, gazing animals, harvesting timber, catching fish, infrastructure and CO2 emissions.
The global ecological footprint of a human is 2.28 hectares with Americans 9.5, British 5.4 hectares and Bangladeshis 0.53 hectares. The only way to curb this destructive pattern is the reduction of the amounts we purchase and consume, but there us no guarantee any such will occur since people only begin to really care for their local environment when they teach a certain level if wealth.
Ecological footprint issues have gain an increase public interest and the awareness surrounding this particular issue is the fact that it contributes to global warming. Worldwide this is now recognizes the need to reduce greenhouse gases emissions to mitigate climate change. Governments , countries, organizations and individual are now taking responsibility and gaining knowledge of its importance.
Now although not regulated by any convention or protocol business such as Nestle, LG Electronics, PepsiCo and Starbucks are still working towards a green and environmentally sustainable structure. Part of this is to gain a competitive advantage since consumers are increasingly becoming aware of a business not just to make profits for shareholders but also take into consideration the view and values of all its stakeholders as they operate.
Clark, Duncan (2006). ” The Rough Guide to Ethical Living”. Rough Guides Limited
Union of Concerned Scientist (2001). The root of the problem, what’s driving tropical deforestation today. UCS Publication.
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